600 BC

Ancient Greece is regarded as some as the first railway to ever be constructed. The Diolkos was a paved trackway near Ancient Corinth which enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth. The shortcut allowed ancient vessels to avoid the dangerous circumnavigation of the Peloponnese peninsula. The scale on which the Diolkos combined the two principles of the railway and the overland transport of ships remained unique in antiquity.